Agroecology is an integrated approach that simultaneously applies ecological and social concepts and principles to the design and management of food and agricultural systems.

The FAO has defined 10 elements of agroecology.

FAO The 10 elements of agroecology

The 10 elements of agroecology, Guiding the Transition to Sustainable Food and Agricultural Systems


The fertilizer industry strongly encourages for these elements to include:

  • Fertilizer Best Management Practices as a key criteria for agroecological practices.
  • The inclusion of the 4Rs in the principles of agroecology.
  • The inclusion of Integrated Plant Nutrient Management (IPNM) into agroecological practices. IPNM entails complementing available organic nutrient sources on the farm with mineral fertilizers to achieve desired yields and restore soil health fertility. Scientific studies have proven to be the best solution for improving crop productivity and soil carbon sequestration.