IFA Statement on the Situation in Ukraine
March 4, 2022
IFA is closely following the situation in Ukraine with grave concern.
Our first thoughts are with the innocent civilian population and what they have to endure.
We condemn military aggression against innocent civilians and violations of international law and sovereign borders. We urge for a peaceful resolution to this conflict. We have a network of members and partners across the region who are in our thoughts.
The global food system is already fragile. The long-term consequences of this war on global food supply will impact both the rich and the poor parts of the world, with the poorest countries affected the most. While the consumption of most products and services can be delayed in times of crisis, food is an essential good, produced from land, with the help of plant nutrients, including mineral fertilizers.
In 2015, the international community decided to eradicate hunger by 2030. Over the last two years, external shocks, including the pandemic and climate change, have exposed weaknesses in the food system and the urgency for change. In 2020, around 800 million people went to bed hungry, representing an increase of 120 million people from 2019. Last month, the World Bank highlighted the fact that 12-month increases in food prices exceeded 5% in four fifths of the emerging and developing economies. The war threatens to exacerbate this development.
Ukraine is one of the world’s leading agricultural countries. The country accounted for 10% of world cereal exports in 2020, according to FAOSTAT. The farmers in the northern hemisphere are now entering a crucial stage in the agricultural season in which input factors such as fertilizer, seeds and water will determine the yield of the coming harvest.
In addition to being one of the largest producers of wheat, Russia has large resources of plant nutrients and is a key global supplier of mineral fertilizers. Plants need nitrogen, phosphate and potash to grow. Nitrogen is supplied from ammonia. Phosphate and potash are produced from mineral deposits in the ground.
We are actively monitoring the imposition of sanctions and will comply with all applicable laws, regulations and sanctions. We are united in our commitment to our members, to our partners and to being a force for good in the world.
IFA is the only global fertilizer industry association whose mission is to help feed the world sustainably.